Project-based Learning (PBL) in EFL learning: Lesson from Indonesia

Ngadiso Ngadiso, Teguh Sarosa, Muhammad Asrori, Nur Arifah Drajati, Anis Handayani


Project-based learning (PBL) has gained popularity in education recently. This teaching method provides opportunities for students to learn independently by doing group works in the form of a project. It is seen as a suitable method to teach EFL to replace the traditional ways of teaching. Thus, this case study explores the students' and teachers' experience implementing PBL in the EFL class. Three EFL classes from three different high schools in Indonesia were observed to explore this issue. Six students and three teachers were interviewed to confirm the observation’s result and determine their perception of learning using PBL. The findings show that the class situation improved positively after implementing PBL. Furthermore, PBL was well perceived by both students and teachers. The teaching and learning process went smoothly and well-controlled. The students and teachers show positive perceptions toward PBL in EFL classes. However, some negative points of PBL were also pointed out. Thus, educational sectors may use this study's results to improve the educational quality, specifically for EFL classes. 


EFL, Learning experience, Project-Based Learning

Full Text:



Astawa, N. L. P. N. S. P., Artini, L. P., & Nitiasih, P. K. (2017). Project-based learning activities and efl students’ productive skills in english. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 8(6), 1147–1155.

Azman, N., & Shin, L. K. (2012). Problem-based learning in English for a second language classroom: Students’ perspectives. International Journal of Learning, 18(6), 109–126.

Bell, S. (2010). for the Future Project-Based Learning for the 21st Century : Skills for. 8655.

Chu, S. K. W., Zhang, Y., Chen, K., Chan, C. K., Lee, C. W. Y., Zou, E., & Lau, W. (2017). The effectiveness of wikis for project-based learning in different disciplines in higher education. The Internet and Higher Education, 33, 49–60.

Fragoulis, I. (2009). Project-Based Learning in the Teaching of English as A Foreign Language in Greek Primary Schools : From Theory to Practice. English Language Teaching, 2(3), 113–119.

Gomez-Pablos, V. B., Pozo, M. M. del, & Munoz-Repiso, A. G.-V. (2017). Project-based learning ( PBL ) through the incorporation of digital technologies : An evaluation based on the experience of serving teachers nica Basilotta G o Ver o rcel Mu n. Computers in Human Behavior, 68, 501–512.

Greenier, V. T., & Greenier, V. T. (2018). The 10Cs of project-based learning TESOL curriculum The 10Cs of project-based learning TESOL curriculum. Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching, 0(0), 1–10.

Helle, L., Tynjälä, P., & Olkinuora, E. (2006). Project-based learning in post-secondary education - Theory, practice and rubber sling shots. Higher Education, 51(2), 287–314.

Kavlu, A. (2015). The Effect of Project–Based Learning on Undergraduate EFL Students’ Reading Comprehension Ability. Journal of Education in Black Sea Region, 1(1).

King, B., & Smith, C. (2020). The Clearing House : A Journal of Educational Strategies , Using Project-Based Learning to Develop Teachers for Leadership Using Project-Based Learning to Develop Teachers for Leadership. The Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, 0(0), 1–7.

Kumaravadivelu, B. (2001). Toward a Postmethod Pedagogy. TESOL Quarterly, 35(4), 537.

Lee, J. S., Blackwell, S., Drake, J., & Moran, K. A. (2014). Taking a Leap of Faith: Redefining Teaching and Learning in Higher Education Through Project-Based Learning. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 8(2), 3–13.

Mali, Y. C. G. (2016). Project-based Learning In Indonesian EFL Classrooms: From Theory to Practice. Indonesian Journal of English Education, 3(1), 89–105.

Miles, M. B., Huberman, M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebook (3rd Editio). Sage Publications, Inc.

Poonpon, K. (2017). Enhancing English Skills through Project-Based Learning. The English Teacher, XL, 1–10.

Stoller, F. L. (2002). Project Work: A Means to Promote Language and Content. In Methodology in Language Teaching (pp. 107–120). Cambridge University Press.

Wang, B.-T. (2016). Applying Pbl and Zuvio To Enhance English Learning Motivation. International Journal of Cyber Society and Education, 9(1), 1–16.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Ngadiso Ngadiso, Teguh Sarosa, Muhammad Asrori, Nur Arifah Drajati, Anis Handayani

Al-Ishlah Jurnal Pendidikan Abstracted/Indexed by:




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.