The Influence of Transformational Leadership and Interpersonal Communication on Teachers’ Performance

Ade Melianah, Matin Matin, Heru Santosa


This research intends to observe how transformational leadership and interpersonal communication affect teachers’ performance at the State Vocational High School of East Jakarta II. Researchers use the survey to collect quantitative data and multiple regression. Using the Slovin technique and closed-questionnaire, the researcher got 78 teachers of 353 people to become the research sample. The hypothesis is obtained from the t-test and F-test. The result shows that transformational leadership and teachers’ performance have a positive and significant effect, which means that the principals’ roles substantially improve teachers’ performance. Interpersonal communication and teachers’ performance also have positive and significant effects. It means that communication between principal and teachers’ can have a significant impact on teachers’ performance. Transformational leadership and interpersonal communication have a positive and significant effect with a coefficient of determination of 0.205 or 20.5%, meaning that transformational leadership and interpersonal communication contribute to an increase in teacher performance of 20.5%.


Transformational Leadership, Interpersonal Communication, Job Performance

Full Text:



Akbar, L., Imaniyati, N., Setiabudhi, J., Bandung, N., & Indonesia, J. B. (2019). Gaya kepemimpinan transformasional kepala sekolah terhadap kinerja guru ( Principal transformational leadership style to teacher performance). 4(2).

Colquitt, J. A., Lepine, J. A., & Wesson, M. J. (2017). Organisational Behavior: Improving performance and commitment in the workplace. In Practice Development in Health Care (Sixth Edit, Vol. 4, Issue 4). McGraw-Hill.

Crede, M., Jong, J., & Harms, P. (2019). The generalizability of transformational leadership across cultures: a meta-analysis. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 34(3), 139–155.

Diana, R., Ahmad, S., & Wahidy, A. (2020). Pengaruh Motivasi Kerja dan Komunikasi Interpersonal Terhadap Kinerja Guru. Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai, 4, 1828–1835.

Doh,J.P.,S.A. Stumpf and W.G.Tymon.2011).Responsible leadership helps retain talent,vol.98. India: Journal of Bussiness Ethics.

Jalalkamali, M., Ali, A. J., Hyun, S. S., & Nikbin, D. (2016). Relationships between work values, communication satisfaction, and employee job performance: The case of international joint ventures in Iran. Management Decision, 54(4), 796–814.

Jyoti, J., & Bau, S. (2015). Transformational Leadership and job performance: A Study of Higher education. February 2017, 2014–2015.

Kartini, K., Ahmad, S., & Eddy, S. (2020). Pengaruh Gaya Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah dan Komunikasi Interpersonal Terhadap Kinerja Guru. Journal of Education Research, 1(3), 290–294.

Kurniawati, S., Sukmawati, & Chiar, M. (2017). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Transformasional Kepala Sekolah Dan Iklim Organisasi Sekolah Terhadap Kinerja Guru. 1–12.

Makena, J. E. (2017). organisasi di Hotel Prama Sanur Beach belajaran organisasi di Hotel Prama ganisasi di Hotel Prama Sanur Beach terhadap kinerja organisasi di Hotel hadap inovasi pada Hotel Prama Sanur Beach Bali ? Kerangka Konseptual. 4(2).

Masa’deh, R., Obeidat, B. Y., & Tarhini, A. (2016). A Jordanian empirical study of the associations among transformational leadership, transactional leadership, knowledge sharing, job performance, and firm performance. Journal of Management Development, 35(5), 681–705.

Nilasari, S., & Fitria, H. (2020). Pengaruh Komunikasi Interpersonal dan Disiplin Kerja terhadap kinerja guru. 2(3).

Ocham, L., & Okoth, U. A. (2015). Head-teachers’ motivational practices in public secondary schools in Kenya. TQM Journal, 27(6), 814–822.

Ritonga, B. (2019). Pengaruh Komunikasi Interpesonal, Gaya Kepemimpinan, Budaya organisasi terhadap kinerja guru di MAN 2 Model. 246–257.

Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2013). Organisational Behavior (15th editi). Pearson.

Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2017). Organisational Behavior, Seventeenth Edition, Global Edition. Pearson Education Limited, 747.

Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kuantatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D.

Von Glinow, M. A., & McShane, S. L. (2010). Organisational Behavior (5th Editio). McGraw-Hill.

Yang, C. L., & Hwang, M. (2014). Personality traits and simultaneous reciprocal influences between job performance and job satisfaction. Chinese Management Studies, 8(1), 6–26.

Yukl, G. A. (2013). Leadership in organisations (Global ed.). In Essex: Pearson (Global Edi). Pearson.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Ade Melianah, Matin Matin, Heru Santosa

Al-Ishlah Jurnal Pendidikan Abstracted/Indexed by:




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.